Brief Outline of Tendinitis Adductor Muscles
Tendinitis is inflammation of a tendon or the tendon sheath. Inflammation to any, or all, of the five adductor muscles due to overuse can lead to pain in the groin area. Sprinting, playing football, hurdling and horseback riding can all cause overuse in these muscles. Unresolved injuries, such as a groin pull, can also lead to inflammation and pain in these muscles.
Anatomy and physiology
The adductor muscles, include the pectineus, adductur longus, adductor brevis, gracillis, and adductor magnus, and any of these may become inflamed. The pain is similar to a groin strain but is gradual and chronic in nature. The repetitive strain placed on these muscles from activities like sprinting can cause inflammation to the tendon and attached muscle.
Cause of injury
Repetitive stress to the adductor muscles. Previous injury, such as a groin strain. Tight abductor muscles.
Signs and symptoms
Pain in the groin area. Pain when pulling the legs together against resistance. Pain when running, especially sprinting.
Complications if left unattended
If left unattended, tendinitis to the adductor muscles can lead to injuries to the other muscles of the hip joint. It can also result in a tear of one or more of the adductor muscles.
- Anti-inflammatory medication
Rehabilitation and prevention
Rehabilitation for tendinitis of the adductors starts with gradual reintroduction into activity with stretching and strengthening exercises for the affected muscles. It may be necessary to use heat packs on the affected area before exercise at first, and then continue with good warm-up activities to make sure the muscles are ready for the activity. Strengthening the adductors and stretching the opposing abductors will help prevent this injury from recurring. Treating all groin pulls and other hip injuries completely will also prevent problems with the adductors.
Long-term problems are seldom seen with tendinitis of the adductor muscles after treatment. If pain and limited mobility in the hip persists, additional help may be required from an orthopaedic specialist.