WHAT IS MORTON’S NEUROMA?

Morton’s Neuroma is a benign soft tissue mass that forms on the nerve which runs between the metatarsals and the ball of the foot. When the two metatarsal bones rub together, they squeeze the nerve that runs between them. This repeated squeezing, or repeated injury to the nerve, causes the nerve to swell, and eventually a benign mass occurs at the site of the repeated injury.

SYMPTOMS OF MORTON’S NEUROMA?

There is pain in the ball of the foot radiating to the adjacent toes. Neuromas can form between all of the metatarsal heads and toes, however the most commonly affected area is between the 3rd and 4th metatarsal heads and toes. The pain can be sharp, burning, or tingling in nature. The pain is usually present only when wearing shoes in particular narrow dress shoes and gradually goes away after the shoes are removed.

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES?

Common factors that contribute to Morton’s neuroma are injuries to the foot, wearing high-heeled shoes or shoes that are tight and athletic activities such as jogging that may subject the feet to repetitive trauma.

WHAT ARE THE TREATMENTS?

Treatment will depend on the severity of Morton’s neuroma. Common treatment options include pain medication, arch supports, padding and taping of the foot, wearing well-fitting shoes, avoiding high heels and surgery.

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WHAT IS ACHILLES TENDON RUPTURE?

Achilles tendon rupture is where the large tendon in the back of the ankle ruptures.

HOW IS ACHILLES TENDON RUPTURE DIAGNOSED?

There is a sudden pain behind the ankle. Physical examination shows a gap in the tendon and squeezing the calf muscle does not result in movement of the foot.

X-rays are usually performed to evaluate for other possible conditions. A MRI scan is needed to evaluate for the severity of the tear within the tendon.

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES?

Rupture most commonly occurs during recreational sports that require bursts of jumping, pivoting, and running. Most often these are tennis, racquetball, basketball, and badminton. The injury can also happen due to sudden trip, stumble or fall from a significant height.

HOW TO PREVENT ACHILLES TENDON RUPTURE?

Stretch the Achilles tendon before exercise, even at the start of the day helps to maintain flexibility in the ankle joint. Problems with foot mechanics can also be treated with devices inserted into the shoes such as heel cups, arch supports, and custom orthotics.

WHAT ARE THE TREATMENTS?

Temporary treatment include icing the area by applying ice to the area of inflammation to help stimulate blood flow to the area, and relieve the pain associated with inflammation. However surgery is needed to repair the ruptured tendon. Post operatively, patients would require physio-therapy where physical therapists can help formulate a stretching and rehabilitation program to improve the flexibility of the Achilles tendon.

Call +65 6471 2674 (24 Hour) for treatment to your Achilles Tendon Injury today.