Brief Outline of Quadriceps Tendinitis
Quadriceps tendinitis, like other versions of tendinitis, involves inflammation of the tendon. Minor tears may also occur in the tendon when the stress is too much for the tendon to handle. This can be a result of repetitive stresses to the quadriceps, such as when accelerating and decelerating, or excessive stress before the muscle is conditioned to cope with it. Pain just above the kneecap, especially when extending the knee, usually accompanies this injury.
Cause of Quadriceps Tendinitis
Repetitive stress to the tendon such as running, jumping, etc. Repetitive acceleration and deceleration as in hurdling or football. Untreated injury to the quadriceps.
Signs and Symptoms of Quadriceps Tendinitis
Pain just above the patella. Pain is aggravated by jumping, running, kneeling or walking down stairs.
Complications if Left Quadriceps Tendinitis Untreated
The quadriceps muscles may also become inflamed, and the tendon will become weak if left untreated. This could lead to a rupture of the tendon. A change in gait or landing form can lead to other injuries as well.
Treatment for Quadriceps Tendinitis
Rest and ice. Anti-inflammatory medicine or injections. Shockwave therapy.
Rehabilitation and Prevention for Quadriceps Tendinitis
Rehabilitation should include stretching and strengthening exercises for the quadriceps. Activities such as swimming can be helpful to reduce the stress on the tendon during this phase. Return to a normal activity schedule should be delayed until pain subsides completely and strength is restored. Keeping the quadriceps flexible and strong will help prevent this condition.
Long-term Prognosis and Surgery for Quadriceps Tendinitis
A full recovery with no long-term disability or lingering effects can be expected in most cases of tendinitis. Surgery is only necessary in extremely rare cases of the condition.