Osgood-Schlatter disease is an overuse injury that occurs in the knee area of growing adolescents. It is caused by inflammation of the tendon below the kneecap (patellar tendon) where it attaches to the shinbone (tibia). Young adolescents who participate in certain sports, including soccer, gymnastics, basketball, and distance running, are most at risk for this disease.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Osgood-Schlatter disease is thought to be caused by small injuries due to repeated overuse before the area has finished growing.
The quadriceps muscle is a large, strong muscle on the front part of the upper leg. When this muscle squeezes (contracts), it straightens the knee. The quadriceps muscle is an important muscle for running, jumping, and climbing.
When the quadriceps muscle is used a lot in sports activities during a child’s growth spurt, this area becomes irritated or swollen and causes pain.
It is common in adolescents who play soccer, basketball, and volleyball, and who participate in gymnastics. Osgood-Schlatter disease affects more boys than girls.
- Tenderness below the kneecap
Osgood-Schlatter Disease At A Glance
- Osgood-Schlatter disease is a painful inflammation in the front of the bony leg below the knee.
- Osgood-Schlatter disease can cause local pain, inflammation, swelling, and calcification.
- Osgood-Schlatter disease can be diagnosed by the history and examination.
- Osgood-Schlatter disease can be helped by antiinflammation and pain-relieving medications, ice, and rest.
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