Trochanteric Bursitis is inflammation of the trochanteric bursa, a part of the hip.
This bursa is situated adjacent to the femur, between the insertion of the gluteus medius and gluteus minimus muscles into the greater trochanter of the femur and the femoral shaft. When the bursa becomes irritated or inflamed, it causes pain in the hip. This is a common cause of hip pain.
Causes of Trochanteric Bursitis
Sometimes a bursa can become inflamed (swollen and irritated) because of too much friction or because of an injury to the bursa.
Both athletes and non-athletes can be affected by this hip condition and it is often caused by poor biomechanical loading of the lower limb.Friction can build in the bursa during walking if the long tendon on the side of the thigh is tight.
Symptoms of Trochanteric Bursitis
The first symptom of trochanteric bursitis is usually pain. The pain can be felt in the area of the hip right over the bump that forms the greater trochanter.There will also be pain when lying on the affected side. When you press in on the outside of the hip, you will feel pain too. The pain will get worse during activities such as getting up from a deep chair or getting out of a car. Eventually the pain may radiate down the outside of the thigh. As the problem progresses, the symptoms produce a limp when walking and stiffness in the hip joint.
Treatment of Trochanteric Bursitis
Treatment goals include reducing pain and inflammation, preserving mobility, and preventing disability and recurrence.
Thus treatment of trochanteric bursitis usually begins with simple measures used to calm inflammation, and may include heat or ice applications.
Younger patients who have this condition because of overuse can usually be treated by reducing their activities or changing the way they do their activities.
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