What is Autologous Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)?
“Autologous Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is defined as the volume of plasma in autologous blood with a platelet concentration above baseline.”
Platelets are tiny plate-shaped, colourless bodies which when activated helps release growth factors that work with white blood cells for tissue regeneration. This is where PRP can help to reduce pain, promote and accelerate tissue healing, regenerate and increase collagen deposition.
Application of Platelet Rich Plasma has been evaluated in various medical disciplines including orthopaedics, sports medicine, and wound healing as well as cosmetic, plastic, maxillofacial and cardiothoracic surgery.
What can Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) Do?
PRP is safe and effective treatment to accelerate wound healing for various injuries. The growth factors released by PRP will have beneficial effects to regenerate tissue, reduce pain and shorten healing time by 40 – 50%.
What Conditions are Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) used for?
- Cartilage degradation / worn out
- Chondromalacia patellae
- Sports injury (e.g. tennis elbow, muscle/ligament tear, etc.)
- Wound healing for surgeries
PRP is suitable for almost everyone, however, patients with blood disorder or cancer are not recommended to undergo this treatment.
Benefits of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)
- Accelerates wound healing, with shorter downtime, allows patient to return to activities of daily living sooner.
- Significant reduction of pain through the acceleration of wound healing and activities of the growth factors.
- With high concentration of leukocytes in PRP, it offers an antimicrobial effect, reducing the risk of infections
- PRP is developed from Autologous blood, it is therefore inherently safe and free of transmissible diseases such as HIV and hepatitis.
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) Procedure
- A small amount of blood is drawn from the patient. This step will be similar to blood-taking for any other test.
- The blood drawn in this special tube will be centrifuge at high speed to isolate the PRP from red blood cells.
- When ready, the PRP will be reintroduced back to the same patient via injection.
When PRP is applied back into the same patient, there will be a release of growth factors which will help to accelerate healing and regeneration.