Brief outline of hamstring tendinitis
Hamstring tendinitis, like other versions of tendinitis, involves inflammation of the tendon. This can be a result of repetitive stresses to the hamstring tendons or excessive stress before the muscles are conditioned to cope with it. Pain at the back of the leg above the knee, especially when extending the knee, usually accompanies this injury. Repetitive stress, especially under contraction (such as when accelerating or decelerating), can cause inflammation of the tendons. Minor tears may also occur in the tendon as well when the stress is too much for the tendon to handle.
Cause of hamstring tendinitis
Repetitive stress to the tendons, such as running, jumping, sprinting, etc. Untreated injury to the hamstrings.
Signs and symptoms of hamstring tendinitis
Pain at the bottom of the hamstrings, just above the back of the knee joint. Pain is aggravated by jumping, running, and excessive flexion of the knee.
Complications if left hamstring tendinitis unattended
The hamstring muscles may also become inflamed and the tendon will become weak if left untreated. This could lead to a complete rupture of the tendon. A change in gait or landing form can lead to other injuries as well.
Treatment for hamstring tendinitis
Rest and ice. Anti-inflammatory medications. Shockwave therapy. Anti-inflammatory injection.
Rehabilitation and prevention of hamstring tendinitis
Rehabilitation should include stretching and strengthening exercises for the hamstrings. Activities such as swimming can be helpful to reduce the stress on the tendon during rehabilitation. Return to a normal activity schedule should be delayed until pain subsides completely and strength is restored. Keeping the hamstrings and lower back flexible and strong will help prevent this condition.
Long-term prognosis and surgery
A full recovery with no long-term disability or lingering effects can be expected in most cases of tendinitis. Surgery is only necessary on extremely rare cases of the condition.