Mechanical problems are by far the most common cause of back pain. There are many possible reasons why mechanical pain – in which a specific part of the spine, like a disc, a ligament or a joint, does not work correctly – can occur. As well as strains, knocks and other accidental injuries, a number of diseases can contribute to, or worsen, the mechanical causes of back pain. Remember, underlying diseases is not the most common cause of back pain. Some of the mechanics of back pain are discussed below.
Sometimes, back pain is a natural consequence of the ageing process. As we get older the discs that separate the vertebrae lose their flexibility and shock-absorbing properties and are damaged more easily.
This is the process by which one of the discs ruptures and its inner core bulges out through the outer layer of ligaments that surround it. This is painful enough in itself, but if the bulge presses on a spinal nerve, the pain may spread to the part of the body that is served by the nerve. Herniated discs are most common in the lower back and most often affect people between ages 25 and 45. Only about 1 in 25 people who have pain in their lower back that is caused by a physical problem have a herniated disc.
Facet joint problems
Like the discs, the facet joints that connect the vertebrae together can wear down, or degenerate, and the two halves of the joint can grate against each other, causing back pain.
Spinal stenosis describes the abnormal narrowing of the spinal canal which then exerts pressure on the spinal cord. Spinal stenosis is usually associated with feelings of weakness or tingling sensations. Another type of stenosis is that of the nerve root canal. This can be linked to the narrowing of the foramina., the space between two vertebrae through which the nerve root passes.
Treatments to Back Pain
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Basketball injuries are generally defined as either cumulative (overuse) or acute (traumatic) injuries.
Overuse injuries occur over time due to stress on the muscles, joints and soft tissues without proper time for healing. They begin as a small, nagging ache or pain, and can grow into a debilitating injury if they aren’t treated early.
Injuries that fall into this category include:
- Tendonitis – All that jumping, scooping, and bending can be hard on muscles, especially those in the lower calf. The painful condition known as tendonitis can result; it is an inflammation of the tendons that connect the leg muscle to the bone.
- Achilles tendinitis
- Rotator cuff tendonitis
- Jammed Fingers – Jammed fingers occur when the ball contacts the end of the finger and causes significant swelling of a single joint. Application of ice and buddy taping the finger to the adjacent finger may provide some relief and allow the athlete to return to play. If pain and swelling persist, evaluation by a physician or athletic trainer is recommended and an x-ray of the finger may be needed.
- Knee Injuries – Basketball requires extensive stop and go and cutting maneuvers which can put the ligaments and menisci of the knee at risk. Injury to the medial collateral ligament is most common following a blow to the outside of the knee and can be often be treated with ice, bracing and a gradual return to activity.
- Stress Fractures – Stress fractures can occur from a rapid increase in activity level or training or from overtraining. Stress fractures in basketball most commonly occur in the foot and lower leg (tibia). Once diagnosed, a period of immobilization and non-weight bearing is recommended. Return to play is permitted once the fracture has completely healed and the athlete is pain free.
- Neck pain – Shoulders and arms do a lot of the work, but the neck also gets into the act. Throwing that ball up, pushing it through a basket, looking up, these actions curl the neck into uncomfortable, strenuous positions.
The following safety precautions are recommended to help prevent help basketball injuries:
- Warm up thoroughly prior to play.
- Wear supportive basketball shoes with skid-resistant soles.
- Use protective equipment (mouth guards, knee and elbow pads or eye protection).
- Use good technique and play by the rules.
- Clean of courts before play – check for slippery spots or debris.
- Have a first aide kit on hand.
- Get adequate recovery.
- Stay hydrated.
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The most common sports-related injuries primarily are overuse injuries. As the name implies, an overuse injury results from wear and tear on the body, particularly on joints subjected to repeated activity.
Achilles Tendon Rupture
Description: The exact cause of rupture of the Achilles tendon is not known. As with Achilles tendonitis, tight or weak calf muscles may contribute to the potential for a rupture.
Description: The most common of all ankle injuries, an ankle sprain occurs when there is a stretching and tearing of ligaments surrounding the ankle joint.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament(ACL) Injuries
Description: ACL partial or complete tears can occur when an athlete changes direction rapidly, twists without moving the feet, slows down abruptly, or misses a landing from a jump
Hamstring Pull, Tear, or Strain
Description: Hamstring injuries are common among runners. The hamstring muscles run down the back of the leg from the pelvis to the lower leg bones, and an injury can range from minor strains to total rupture of the muscle.
To read more about:
Common Sport Injuries – Basketball injuries
Run for your life
Reasons why running is good
Shockwave Therapy in Singapore- A Realistic Alternative to Surgery
Tips and Guidance to Prepare for your Surgery
Do you have brittle bones?
Understanding Head and Neck Cancers
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