Minor arm injuries are common. Symptoms often develop from everyday wear and tear, overuse, or an injury. Arm injuries are often caused by:
- Sports or hobbies.
- Work-related tasks.
- Housework chores
Your child may injure his or her arm during sports or play or from accidental falls. The chance of having an injury is higher in contact sports (such as wrestling, football, or soccer) and in high-speed sports (such as biking, in-line skating, skiing, snowboarding, and skateboarding). Forearms, wrists, hands, and fingers are injured most often. An injury to the end of a long bone near a joint may harm the growth plate and needs to be checked by a doctor.
Older adults have a greater chance for injuries and broken bones because they lose muscle mass and bone strength (osteoporosis) as they age. Older adults also have more problems with vision and balance, which increases their chances of having an accidental injury.
Most minor injuries will heal on their own, and home treatment is usually all that is needed to relieve symptoms and promote healing.
Acute Arm Injuries
Acute arm injuries come on suddenly and may be caused by a direct blow, a penetrating injury, or a fal or from twisting, jerking, jamming, or bending a limb abnormally. Pain may be sudden and severe. Bruising and swelling may develop soon after the injury. Acute arm injuries usually require prompt medical evaluation and may include:
- Bruises (contusions).
- Injuries toligaments or tendons.
- Pulled muscles (strains).
- Muscle ruptures, such as a biceps or triceps rupture.
- Broken bones (fractures).
- Joint (dislocations).
Overuse Arm Injuries
Overuse injuries occur when stress is placed on a joint or other tissue, often by “overdoing” an activity or repeating the same activity. Overuse arm injuries include:
- Tendinitis or tendinosis.
- Stress fractures, hairline crack.
- Carpal tunnel syndrome.
Treatment for Arm Injuries
Treatment for an arm injury may include first aid measures (such as using a brace, splint, or cast), “setting” a broken bone or returning a dislocated joint to its normal position, shockwave therapy, physical therapy, medicines, and in some cases surgery. Treatment depends on:
- The location, type, and severity of the injury.
- When the injury occurred.